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Climate of India

Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The principal part of the area of India ( *get indian visa) is in the sub equatorial region. The key feature of this place is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon coming from the Indian Ocean provides down pours to India. They intensify at the begining of June on the west coast and in mid-June on the eastern coastline. If passing over the Arabian Sea as well as the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move in a northwest way.



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Monsoon period

Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a speed of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rainfall. Thunder or wind storms fall on the slopes of the mountains in June. However later they calm down, and through the period from late September to mid-October rain falls usually, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows through the land side. It makes the weather cold and sun-drenched.


Climatic seasons

According to data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can separate the calendar year in to three primary climatic seasons.

In November – February, when the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is chilly and sunshiny. In March, the temperature gradually increases.The dry period can last from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity increases. And also the weather condition of Indian plains becomes rainy.The time from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon time. This is a time of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high due to evaporation through the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains end.


Contrast climate

There are actually differences in temperature and also weather in several portions of India. The country covers a large area, and every area has yet another terrain. Hence, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation does not go over 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall each year. It is one of the wettest places on Earth.

The monsoon climate is characteristic of the shoreline of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time period is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is less rain. The hottest time is from May to June. Yet even high temperatures are tolerated very easily since the air is dried, relative humidity, in the morning, does not go over 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also change the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June commences with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. Throughout most times of the month, it rains frequently and lightly. The monthly rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather reduces the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the hills of the Himalayas, the climate will depend on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest period of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the general optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon does not appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you can see, the weather of India varies greatly based on the place, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan climate to other areas of India. These hills are really high and also have a unique climate.

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